Polygonatum biflorum

ClassificationFlowering Plants
FamilyAsparagaceae
Family (Traditional)Liliaceae
GenusPolygonatum
SpeciesPolygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott
Common NameSmooth solomon's seal
Growth HabitForb
DurationPerennial
Plant Notes**
C value 4
StatusNative, FACU (NWPL)
Specimens View and Download Specimen Details »

** Not applicable or data not available.

Subspecies and Varieties

Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Polygonatum cobrense Polygonatum cobrense (Woot. & Standl.) R.R. Gates  
Salomonia cobrensis Salomonia cobrensis Woot. & Standl.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on an accession number to view full details; click on column headers to sort.

Counties included on distribution map: Allen, Boone, Brown, Carroll, Cass, Crawford, Daviess, Dearborn, Decatur, DeKalb, Elkhart, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hamilton, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Jasper, Jennings, Knox, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, Madison, Marion, Martin, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Orange, Owen, Parke, Perry, Porter, Pulaski, Randolph, Ripley, Spencer, Starke, Steuben, Tippecanoe, Union, Vermillion, Wabash, Warren, Washington, White

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: BUT

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1905 - 2009

Accession No. (click for full details) County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
64508 Jennings 22 May 1942 Charles M. Ek
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
64316 Jasper 13 Sep 1942 Charles M. Ek
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
49267 Howard 08 Jun 1935 Chas. W. Ek
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
49268 Howard 11 Jun 1935 Chas. W. Ek
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
154739 Madison 07 Jun 2009 Donald G. Ruch
16938
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. commutatum
152432 Warren 04 Jun 1991 Gayle Tonkovich
77
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
152430 Warren 15 Jul 1991 Gayle Tonkovich
181
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
152431 Warren 15 Jul 1991 Gayle Tonkovich
181
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
8866 Monroe 17 May 1931 J. E. Potzger
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
8129 Marion 01 Jul 1905 M. A. Swift
78
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
92742 Porter 04 Jun 1922 Marcus W. Lyon, Jr.
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
103746 Madison 24 May 1991 P. E. Rothrock
2288
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
152436 Montgomery 01 May 1962 R. A. deLanglade
18931
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
72664 Owen 05 May 1945 Ray C. Friesner
18825
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
94064 Daviess 06 May 1951 Ray C. Friesner
24053
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
73890 Union 29 Sep 1945 Ray C. Friesner
19944
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
27796 Pulaski 05 Oct 1935 Ray C. Friesner
9452
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
73485 Carroll 06 Oct 1945 Ray C. Friesner
20037
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
73956 Noble 15 Oct 1945 Ray C. Friesner
20128
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
4763 Parke 30 Jun 1930 Rexford F. Daubenmire
2256
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
32673 Knox 30 May 1936 Scott McCoy
4402
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
152429 Lake 13 Jun 1933 Scott McCoy
7222
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
51557 Starke 28 Sep 1940 Ray C. Friesner
14937
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
27808 Henry 28 Sep 1935 Ray C. Friesner
9287
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
56778 Miami 20 Sep 1941 Ray C. Friesner
16465
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
56777 Miami 20 Sep 1941 Ray C. Friesner
16465
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
43677 Ohio 17 Sep 1938 Ray C. Friesner
13056
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
9534 Greene 17 Sep 1932 Ray C. Friesner
5285
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
11695 Washington 07 Sep 1932 Ray C. Friesner
5011
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
7738 Pulaski 04 Sep 1931 Ray C. Friesner
3480
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
5729 Carroll 28 Aug 1930 Ray C. Friesner
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
64090 Hamilton 08 Aug 1942 Ray C. Friesner
17274
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
54051 LaGrange 02 Aug 1941 Ray C. Friesner
15966
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
54980 Elkhart 02 Aug 1941 Ray C. Friesner
15867
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76393 Decatur 27 Jul 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20873
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76741 Decatur 27 Jul 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20869
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
50928 Newton 27 Jul 1940 Ray C. Friesner
14684
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
41826 Decatur 23 Jul 1938 Ray C. Friesner
12913
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
70967 Randolph 22 Jul 1944 Ray C. Friesner
18475
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
70968 Henry 22 Jul 1944 Ray C. Friesner
18384
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
93680 Fountain 21 Jul 1951 Ray C. Friesner
24453
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
11888 Franklin 16 Jul 1932 Ray C. Friesner
4447
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
95904 Cass 12 Jul 1952 Ray C. Friesner
25139
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
55231 Steuben 12 Jul 1941 Ray C. Friesner
15712
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
84011 Noble 10 Jul 1948 Ray C. Friesner
22253
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
43199 Dearborn 09 Jul 1938 Ray C. Friesner
12463
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
10087 Jennings 09 Jul 1932 Ray C. Friesner
4360
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
51015 White 06 Jul 1940 Ray C. Friesner
14522
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
51014 White 06 Jul 1940 Ray C. Friesner
14522
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
54938 Fulton 28 Jun 1941 Ray C. Friesner
15498
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
41678 Ripley 25 Jun 1938 Ray C. Friesner
12252
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
67956 Boone 19 Jun 1943 Ray C. Friesner
17749
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
37054 De Kalb 19 Jun 1937 Ray C. Friesner
10785
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
85734 Orange 18 Jun 1949 Ray C. Friesner
22753
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
41845 Ohio 18 Jun 1938 Ray C. Friesner
12030
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
73608 Noble 17 Jun 1945 Ray C. Friesner
19090
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
71071 Marion 17 Jun 1944 Ray C. Friesner
18162
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
71072 Marion 17 Jun 1944 Ray C. Friesner
18162
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
71070 Marion 17 Jun 1944 Ray C. Friesner
18162
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
47486 Fulton 17 Jun 1939 Ray C. Friesner
13512
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
80935 Jasper 15 Jun 1947 Ray C. Friesner
21487
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76764 Lake 14 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20505
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
53556 Wabash 14 Jun 1941 Ray C. Friesner
15369
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76390 Noble 13 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20434
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76389 Noble 13 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20434
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76769 Noble 13 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20434
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76388 Noble 13 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20434
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76392 Allen 13 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20390
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
47430 Miami 10 Jun 1939 Ray C. Friesner
13480
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
47846 Kosciusko 10 Jun 1939 Ray C. Friesner
13465
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
73720 Randolph 09 Jun 1945 Ray C. Friesner
18934
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76386 Carroll 08 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20363
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76387 Carroll 08 Jun 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20348
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
67630 Hamilton 05 Jun 1943 Ray C. Friesner
17634
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
67663 Hamilton 05 Jun 1943 Ray C. Friesner
17634
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
85652 Marion 04 Jun 1949 Ray C. Friesner
22711
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
72847 Tippecanoe 02 Jun 1945 Ray C. Friesner
18875
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
72846 Tippecanoe 02 Jun 1945 Ray C. Friesner
18875
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
1334 Marion 01 Jun 1927 Ray C. Friesner
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
32671 Marion 30 May 1936 Ray C. Friesner
9640
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76752 Franklin 25 May 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20328
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
7197 Crawford 24 May 1931 Ray C. Friesner
2915
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
7409 Martin 23 May 1931 Ray C. Friesner
2890
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
7418 Martin 23 May 1931 Ray C. Friesner
2871
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
4013 Brown 23 May 1930 Ray C. Friesner
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
4035 Brown 23 May 1930 Ray C. Friesner
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
62015 Jennings 22 May 1942 Ray C. Friesner
16699
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
62230 Jennings 22 May 1942 Ray C. Friesner
16681
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
7440 Martin 22 May 1931 Ray C. Friesner
2835
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
10020 Fountain 21 May 1932 Ray C. Friesner
3998
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
95117 Decatur 20 May 1951 Ray C. Friesner
24086
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
13023 Owen 20 May 1933 Ray C. Friesner
5565
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
10483 Parke 20 May 1932 Ray C. Friesner
3948
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
83970 Vermillion 16 May 1948 Ray C. Friesner
22102
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
76750 Fountain 12 May 1946 Ray C. Friesner
20303
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
26485 Perry 12 May 1935 Ray C. Friesner
8667
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
26458 Spencer 12 May 1935 Ray C. Friesner
8634
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
67130 Hendricks 08 May 1943 Ray C. Friesner
17562
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
152433 Marion 03 Jun 1996 Raelene M. Crandall
32
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
151529 Parke 06 Aug 2004 R. K. Scott
488
BUT
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) E. var. commutatum (J.A. & J.H.
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